Trade tokens have been used as far back as Roman times, and in the United States, as recently as in the era of mining towns. These unique pieces are rare and highly collectible.
Located in the Dragoon Mountains on Golden Rule Hill, the Golden Rule Mine was the primary metal mine in Cochise County’s Dragoon mining district. The Golden Rule Mining Company was the mine’s namesake, and one of the earliest companies involved in its development from 1883 through 1890.
Editor’s note: This is the second in a two-part series on the Ajo mining district. To read the first part of this series go online to tinyurl.com/ajomine
Editor’s note: This is the first in a two-part series on the Ajo mining district.
Located between Winkelman and Superior along scenic Highway 177, the Ray mine has a history dating back 140 years.
In 2012, Arizona produced more than $2 billion in nonfuel mineral commodities. While Arizona leads the nation in copper production, additional minerals ranked according to value include molybdenum concentrates, sand and gravel (construction), cement (portland) and silver.
Forty-five miles southeast of Tucson on the east slope of the Santa Rita Mountains are the Greaterville gold placers, discovered by A. Smith in 1874. The deposit, at 5,280-feet elevation, became the most sought-after placer deposit — or accumulation of valuable minerals — in Southern Arizona…
Early prospecting in the Patagonia mining district during the 1860s and ’70s was hindered by the threat of Apache raids. After the Apache were forcibly removed, the mining communities of Washington Camp and Duquesne were established a mile apart in the Patagonia Mountains.
One of the fringe benefits of hiking Arizona’s extensive mountain trail system is the opportunity to visit old mines and see abandoned mining equipment.
Breathing apparatuses were an important part of mine-rescue work beginning in the 1890s. Explosions, cave-ins, floods and fires were a constant threat in daily mining operations. Poor air quality resulting from such accidents led to fatalities on the job.
It would be difficult to overstate the importance of copper in the role of the economy of Arizona, where students used to learn about “The 5 C’s” — copper, cattle, cotton, citrus and climate.
Located 18 miles south of Tucson near the Sierrita Mountains and organized in 1877, the Pima Mining District had humble beginnings with several small mining camps.
Tombstone, renowned for its gunfights, gambling halls, brothels and bars, was a silver mining town of great wealth during the decade known as “The Roarin’ ’80s” in the 19th century.
Early methods of surface transportation in the history of mining in Arizona were an important step in establishing the vast enterprise that enriched the state’s economy with towns, roads and other improvements.
Editor’s note: This is the second in a two-part series on Dr. James Douglas, namesake of the border city. Read the first part at azstarnet.com/douglas online.
Editor’s note: This is the first in a two-part series about Dr. James Douglas, namesake of the Cochise County border city.
The Shattuck Mine, seen here in around 1913, was in Warren, outside Bisbee. Its extraordinarily rich ore, up to 500 tons a day, traveled by aerial tramway to a rail spur and then to a smelter in Douglas.
Lemuel C. Shattuck, managing director of the Shattuck Arizona Mining Co.
Since the late 1870s the Mule Mountains, where the mining town of Bisbee would be established, have been heavily prospected. By the early 1900s Bisbee was the premier mining camp in Arizona, producing 7,000 tons of copper ore a day.
Calling on its experience cooling a gold mine in South Africa, the Carrier Corp. installed two mechanical, high-capacity refrigerating units in the Magma Mine.